Tag Archives: suspension

Double Wishbone Suspension Information from Wikipedia

In automobiles, a double wishbone (or upper and lower A-arm) suspension is an independent suspension design using two (occasionally parallel) wishbone-shaped arms to locate the wheel. Each wishbone or arm has two mounting points to the chassis and one joint at the knuckle. The shock absorber and coil spring mount to the wishbones to control vertical movement. Double wishbone designs allow the engineer to carefully control the motion of the wheel throughout suspension travel, controlling such parameters as camber angle, caster angle, toe pattern, roll center height, scrub radius, scuff and more.


Double Wishbone Suspension
The double-wishbone suspension can also be called “double A-arms,” though the arms themselves can be of a A-shaped, L-shaped, or even a single bar linkage. A single wishbone or A-arm can also be used in various other suspension types, such as MacPherson strut and Chapman strut. Continue reading

VW Tuners

VW specialists offering tuning services, general servicing and track preparation for VW vehicles including the VW Golf MK5, MK4, MK3, MK2, MK1, Scirroco, Passat and VW Polo as well as Skoda, Seat & Audi

see also: 
Audi Performance Exhaust Systems
Rolling Roads
Performance Car Part Dealers – European Cars
Engine Tuning Information
Performance Car Insurance Brokers UK
European Car Clubs


VW Tuning Specialists -UK Continue reading


Audi Tuners

audi_tunersDirectory of tuners specialising in Audi vehicles including the Audi A3, A4, A6, A8, S3, S4, RS4, RS6 & R8. The Audi tuners offer servicing, repairs, upgrades, performance packs, performance parts, track day preparation, chip tuning, rolling road tuning and styling & body kit upgrades.

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Intrax 1K2 Coilover Suspension Porsche 997 – The best of all worlds

Roger Green at EVO magazine reviewed Intrax’s latest coilover suspension kit for the Porsche 997 Carrera 2.

The ride of the Carrera 2 as standard can be described as “jiggly” but the Intrax 1K2 suspension manages to Continue reading

Suspension Setup – Intermediate

Suspension Setup – Spring Rates

Springs rates are increased for racing to stop weight transfer from front to rear and from left to right. By keeping the weight over all 4 tyres as consistent as possible allows all Continue reading

Suspension Tuning – Basics

See also – Suspension Setup & Tuning Intermediate

Before we can go into details of how you can tune your car’s suspension and setup your suspension to your preferences we have to understand how to read the signals the car’s suspension is giving us.

Suspension Setup & Suspension Tuning Guide – Understanding the problem

There are 4 main characteristics a car suspension will have

1. Hard Ride & Body Roll – This is caused by overly stiff dampers paired with soft springs

2. Soft Ride & Body Roll – This caused by soft springs and soft dampers

3. Hard Ride & No Body Roll – This is caused by stiff springs and stiff dampers

4. Soft Ride & No Body Roll – This is caused by soft dampers and stiff springs

The reason dampers effect the ride more than springs is that dampers deal with fast motions of the suspension

Springs have more effect than dampers on body roll because springs deal with constant suspension loads

Of course the roles of springs and dampers overlap but these 2 points are the biggest factors

Suspension Setup Tuning Guide – Making Changes

Soft Dampers Stiff Dampers
Soft Springs Comfortable ride with body roll Hard ride with body roll
Stiff Springs Confortable ride with little or no body roll Hard ride and no little or no body roll

To work out what you need to do to tune your suspension look at where your car is now in the table and look what setup changes you need to make to move the suspension characteristics in the direction you want.

For example if you want to reduce body roll you need to increase spring stiffness and so on

Suspension Setup & Suspension Tuning Guide – Fine Tuning

If your suspension setup is close to how you want it then there are additional things you change to fine tune your suspension.

For example if you want to reduce roll slightly, fitting a stiffer anti roll bar can achieve this effect.

Anti-roll bars or sway bar are designed for fine tuning of the suspension. If your suspension setup is long way away from where you want it you will need to make bigger changes than just the anti-roll bar.

To give another example of how you can fine tune your suspension, if ride quality is quite close to where you want it but you would like it to be slightly better, fitting strut braces or strut bars from quality manufacturers will give your car a noticeable improvement in ride quality, steering feel and grip.

If the suspension on your car is not adjustable the suspension tuning you can do is pretty limited. Basically you have to make wholesale changes rather than incremental changes like you could with coilover suspension.

Nevertheless the table above should give you a good idea of what to do if you want to improve the suspension setup of your car to suit your driving style.

Suspension Setup & Suspension Tuning Guide – Summary

My person golden rule when it comes to suspension tuning when you want your suspension to have more control is to increase spring stiffness first and then damper stiffness.

If you increase damper stiffness before spring stiffness you will get a more uncomfortable ride with little benefit in performance.

Increasing spring stiffness with quality lowering/sports springs such as those from H&R or Eibach will allow you to keep most of your ride comfort while giving you much more control of your car in cornering, braking and acceleration.

Sport dampers are really the cherry on the cake and for those drivers looking for the ultimate control without buying coilovers.


Seat Tuners

Seat tuning specialists. The companies listed on this page more often than not started out as VW and Audi tuners. As VAG has started to harmonise the components used on Seat, VW and Audi cars these companies can now offer the same or similar products for Seat cars as well including the Seat Leon, Leon Cupra, Seat Ibiza and Ibiza Cupra.

seat_tuningSeat Tuning Specialists

carpi Oberglatt, Switzerland


abt sportsline
ecu-evolution (South Wales & Northamptonshire)
JBS Derbyshire, England
Racing Line
Saxon Motorsport
Storm Developments
Dub Sport

Seat Tuners – Motorsport

Advent Motorsport

Daniels Motorsport

Special Tuning

Welch Motorsport Continue reading

Mazda Tuners

Mazda Tuners

Mazda Tuners – Mazda Tuning Specialists

Search these sites with Google

 Mazda tuning specialists carrying out servicing, performance upgrades, repairs, engine rebuilds and part fitting. Also includes shops, retailers and manufacturers specialising in Mazda cars.  Namely the Mazda RX8, the Mazda RX7, the MX5, Mazda 3 and Mazda 6. If you would like your company listed please submit your site.

see also:
Mazda Body Kits
Mazda MX-5 Tuning Guide
Mazda RX-7 Tuners
RX-7 Performance Part Power Test
MX-5/Miata Performance Part Power Test
Mazda RX-8 Tuners
Japanese Tuners and Dealers-General
Rolling Roads
Japanese Car Importers
Track Day Organisers
Import Car Insurance Specialists
Japanese Performance Part Manufacturers – General

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Focus ST Tuning

Ford Focus ST Tuning Guide – The Focus ST is without doubt one of the best drivers hot hatches out there at the moment. The Golf is a little to controlled and insulated the new Civic Type-R lacks the torque and the power of the Focus ST. It does what Ford does best, it gives the working man an honestly fast car at a reasonable price. But like all standard cars there have been compromises made to make it more acceptable to more people and of course to make it cheaper to make. And that may be fine, but for the truly committed driver, the driver that goes out on the road just for the thrill of driving there are some performance upgrades out there that can really transform the Focus ST and make it realise its full potential without affecting the cars reliability or its everyday usefulness. If your more of an A to B driver look away now because your not going to be interested in this article at all.

see also:
Focus Tuners
Focus RS Mk2 Tuning Guide
Focus Body Kits
Focus ST Review
Focus RS Buying Guide Continue reading

Primera Tuning

This page is dedicated to tuning the Nissan Primera/Infinti G20. The majority of the engine tuners and performance part suppliers listed are based in America although some do ship to the UK. In addition to performance parts suppliers there are also links to information about the tuning of the Nissan Primera.
see also:
Nissan Primera 20V Review
Rolling Roads
Japanese Car Importers
Track Day Organisers
Grey Import Car Insurance Specialists
Nissan Body Kits
Pulsar/Sunny GTIR Tuning vs 1/4mile time
A31 Cefiro Buying & Tuning Guide
Tyre Manufacturer
Nissan 350Z Body Kits Continue reading

D2 Racing Sport

D2 Racing Sport Website

D2 Racing Sport is a Taiwanese manufacturer of performance suspension and performance brake kits.

D2 Racing Sport offers a variety of coil over suspension systems to suit many uses. Their range starts off with “Street” and climaxes in their “Racing” suspension kit which utilises remote reservoir technology.

Many D2 coil over suspension kits come with camber adjustment by way of adjustable top mounts. D2 products have proved to be very popular throughout the world both for the quality of their product and the price.

D2 use a modular system for their coil over suspension systems which greatly reduces the cost some rebuild time. Unlike many coil over suspension kit manufacturers D2 utilises a system where all the major components are separate from the main damper unit.

Although this does make D2 suspension kits heavier than kit from other companies it does mean that instead of requiring a rebuild the damper cartridges are simply replaced. If you have ever inquired about getting your TEIN suspension kit replaced you will know what we mean when we say they are not cheap to rebuild.

Another benefit of the modular system that D2 uses is that parts can easily be replaced if the unit is damaged at all. The top bottom and centre sections are all separate on a D2 suspension kit which means if you damage the bottom mount you do not need to buy a complete suspension unit, you simply replace the part that is damaged.

D2 big brake kits have been popular for many years. D2 offers probably the largest range of big brake kits on the market today, both with regards to the variety of discs sizes available and also in the number of cars that are covered by it’s application list.

Unlike most companies which use a 4 piston caliper, D2 front brake kits start with a 6 piston caliper. The greater the number of pistons the more even the pressure across the brake pad giving more effective braking.

For their 330mm and bigger kits, D2 uses 2 piece brake discs which save considerable weight versus one piece discs used by most big brake kit manufacturers for this size.

D2 brake kits come complete with all mounting hardware required to fit and the packaging and instructions are first rate.

UK Dealers: Big Brake Kits 4 U, Jap Shop

350Z Performance Parts

The 350Z from Nissan had a slow start in the performance parts industry. Maybe it was because it caught people unawares. It had been a while since Nissan had released a rear wheel drive platform so it was a bit an unknown quantity. Would it sell, performance part companies were unwilling to invest time and money developing parts for a car that might not be popular. As it turned out, they needn’t have worried, the 350Z was a sales sensation everywhere it was available and it got rave reviews from car magazines around the world. The 350Z was hailed as a real old school drivers cars which really got the driver involved in the act of driving. Even though the 350Z has been replaced by the 370Z, the popularity of the 350Z shows no sign of abating, and it’s popularity ion the performance automotive industry is growing by the day and more and more used examples are for sale and the price of the car comes down. Its rear wheel drive set up is made for racing and drifting which means new performance parts are constantly being released for the 350Z even now. Whether your looking for a 350Z body kit, a coil over suspension kit, turbo kit, aero parts like canards or wings, interior parts like carbon fibre trim or a roll cage, you are bound to find what you are looking for. Check out the parts below and see if you can find something for your 350Z

see also:
350Z Body Kit Manufacturers
High Performance Car Insurance Brokers (UK)
350Z Buying Guide Continue reading


Tuning Guide


Daily Driver – Comfortable, higher performance.

Stage 1 – Chassis Braces

Stage 2 – Non Adjustable Sport Suspension

Stage 3 – Performance Brake Pads

Stage 4 – Sport Seats

Stage 5 – Performance Exhaust, Filter, ECU Remap

Stage 6 – Camshafts (N/A)

Stage 7 – Wheels & Tyres

Track Day – Peformance above comfort

Stage 1 – Chassis Braces

Stage 2 – Adjustable Suspension

Stage 2a – Wheels & Tyres

Stage 3 – Performance Brake Pads/Big Brake Kits

Stage 4 – Seats/Roll Cage

Stage 5 – Lightweight Body Panels/Aero Parts

Stage 6 – Cams/Throttle Bodies – Bigger Turbo

Fast road and track day car tuning guide. The phrase car tuning brings up all sorts of different images for different people and I think its fair to say in the eyes of Joe public it’s probably a negative image with a hint of Saxo and a dust bin exhaust.

While this image may represent a small part of the car tuning industry it isn’t necessarily negative.

Continue reading

Nissan 350Z Buying

Nissan 350Z Buying Guide

Nissan 350Z buying guide. The Nissan 350Z came with 3.5litre V6 engines and rear wheel drive. The old school approach Nissan took with the design of the 350Z meant that the 350Z was immensely popular meaning that the used values are some of the strongest in the industry. Continue reading

Shops – Euro/US Cars

Performance Car Part Dealers/Retailers – Euro and other Non Japanese Cars

UK Performance Car Part Dealer Directory for European and American Cars (Ford, GM, BMW, VW, Audi etc). These shops/dealers and retailers are authorised dealers in theUK for the products they sell and specialise in Parts for European and American cars.

See also:
Tuners – Euro/US Cars
Peformance Tyre Manufacturers Continue reading

Porsche Suspension

Porsche Performance Suspension Manufacturers – Performance Suspension Dealers

Links to manufacturers construction performance suspension kits and suspension components for Porsche cars including the 964, 996, 997, 993, Boxster, Cayenne, Cayman Continue reading

Suspension Setup – General

Suspension Setup Information – Set Up & Evaluation of Performance Suspension Kits.

see also: Rolling Roads
Track Day Organisers
Performance Suspension Kit Manufacturers
Engine Tuning Information
Alloy Wheels – Manufacturers
Car Magazines

Smithees Race Car Technology
Technical article covering suspension

Autotest (Norwich)
Sun 3D Wheel alignment for street, drifting, rallying and circuit racing.

E30 M3 Performance
Site is dedicated to the E30 M3 but has technical articles which can be applied to most cars. Subjects covered include splitter theory, driving position suspension set up and roll bar set up and effect. A worthwhile read.


The Benefits of Uprated Performance Suspension over a cars Standard Set Up.

Weight Transfer. The speed at which tires load up. Weight transfer occurs during all manoeuvres ie
braking, acceleration and cornering. It is the job of the car suspension to control this weight
transfer, in other words to keep control of the body of the car and to keep the tires in contact with
the road.

The original equipment shocks and springs supplied by the car manufacturers is more often than not a
compromise between good bump absorption, to keep a comfortable ride, and road holding. This is to keep
production costs down.

With aftermarket performance suspension kits there is usually a strong relationship between maintaining ride
comfort and price. ie the more expensive the suspension kit (such as Bilstein, TEIN and H&R) the greater the
cornering speeds with very small reduction in ride comfort. Some cheaper suspension kits (Apex, Spax & G
Max) may increase handling but the ride comfort is noticeably compromised.

Each manufacturers make their kits differently you should research each manufacturers products against your
own preferences to determine what sort of ride your willing to live with against the sort of handling increase you
want to achieve.

The next section highlighted the various situations that are encountered on day to day driving and compares
the differences that can be expected between the standard springs and shock set up and an uprated
suspension kit/coil over suspension kit.

The severity of each situation will vary widely depending on the car for
example an BMW M5 at 130mph will feel much more stable that a Ford Fiesta at 130mph.

Disclaimer: The information in this article is purely the opinion of its author and no responsibility whatsoever
will be taken from alleged or implied injury or loss caused by reading this article.

Any queries regarding this
article should be directed towards a suitably qualified mechanic. All uprated/sport shocks and spring kits should
be fitted by a suitably experienced and/or qualified person.


High Speed Straight Line
Instability. The car has a
floaty feel. Steering may
feel “light”

Standard Suspension Assuming a normal motorway surface (quality road). The
spring movements are quite small. The spring is moving an insufficient amount to
fully utilise the shock absorber ie movements are not properly damped. The main
contributory factors to this situation are the low weight of the car and the
lift created by the car body at speed.

Uprated/Performance Suspension Kit Although a lot of the factors contributing
to this situation are not suspension related, a higher spring rate and bump and
rebound rates found on shock absorber found on performance suspension kits will
greatly reduce this condition, making the car feel more “tied down” and stable.

Instability through high speed corners. Assuming the road is relatively flat.
This is perhaps the most obvious sign of instability or insufficient control of
the cars body movements in relation to your driving style. Initial instability
on turn in, and then general instability through the corner.

The standard springs and shocks will take longer to settle than a performance
suspension kit. As the speeds are higher a greater distance is travelled before
the car settles. this can lead to a kind of leap of faith situation where you
commit to a corner and having to wait for the suspension to stabilise the weight
transfer and tell you how much grip is available.

Uprated shocks and springs increase the speed of weight transfer which means
that the delay between committing for a high speed corner and the tyres telling
the driver how much grip is available is smaller. Depending on the car, the
performance suspension kit fitted and the corner, the difference could be
between 2 tenths of a second to 2 seconds. At speeds over 80mph this can mean
that big distances are covered before the tyres are fully loaded up. The higher
the speed of the corners and the softer the springs and shocks the greater the
leap of faith. All in all Uprated suspension will provide the driver with a
higher level of confidence at high speed.

Combine a high speed corner with a lane change

f the driver is committed to a corner and a sudden lane change is required a
very unstable situation can follow. This is especially true if the lane change
is required in the very early stages of the corner where the springs are not
fully loaded up. The shocks and springs will have very little control of weight
transfer at this stage and this can lead to an unstable situation

Although this situation can lead from a driver over committing to a corner ie
driving to fast an uprated suspension set up can help the driver maintain full
control and provide the driver with more options with regards to evasive action.
Uprated shocks and springs will keep tighter control of the weight transfer
meaning that more grip is available for more of the time.

Low Speed Corners. Body Roll

Body roll can be very pronounced in some cars when negotiating tight corners.
This can be uncomfortable for both passengers and driver especially if the seats
in the car are not supportive.

Uprated shocks and springs will keep the car flatter through tight corners
making for more comfortable progress. As a secondary measure Anti Roll bars can
also help reduce this problem.

Level of grip.

Standard shocks and springs by their very nature are softer than a uprated
suspension kit. This means that the wheels will have more vertical travel. The
more travel the suspension has, the harder it is for the tyres to maintain a
consistent and large contact patch with the road. The camber of the wheel will
change, depending on where it is in its field of travel and how much force is
being exerted on it.

Coil over kits and uprated shock and spring kits allow less travel enabling
the tyre to have a larger contact patch with the road more of the time, compared
to the standard set up ie more grip. With reduced suspension movement the camber
and castor of the wheels will not change as much.

Ride Comfort

How can coil over kit or any uprated shock and spring set up come close to
the ride offered by the standard set up?

At normal driving speeds the uprated springs and shocks or coil over
suspension kit can be made to be nearly indistinguishable from the standard set
up. Performance shock and spring kits can be made to be as bump absorbent as
standard suspension in the early stages of travel. ie over small bumps and
cornering where the forces aren’t high. This is done by utilising progressive
springs (Eibach, H&R for example). These springs move as normal springs where
the forces are low but when they are leaned on, the spring rates increase. The
more they are compressed the stiffer they become.

If uprated shock and spring kits are so good why don’t the car manufacturers
fit them as standard?

Cost. The majority of drivers may not even approach the limits of their
vehicle for the whole time they own it. Although the car manufacturers could up
rate the shocks and springs, the cost of doing is not justified as most drivers
would not know the difference. This is especially true on non performance

I have a performance car, the shocks and springs are already uprated why will
fitting an aftermarket uprated suspension kit improve the handling? Again the
answer is cost. If you are looking for out and out performance coil over
suspension or a high quality shock and spring combination is the only way to go.

These performance units are prohibitively expensive to be used on all but the
most focused and well sorted performance cars, this cost cannot be justified by
the car manufacturers for the little if anytime they spend at their admittedly
higher limits. It should be noted that if your car is already a high performance
model it may well be worth going for the premium end of the aftermarket
suspension kit range (Bilstein, TEIN etc..) as anything less may be a backwards
step over the car manufacturers original equipment. The Renault Clio Trophy and
Subaru Impreza STI being cases in point.


All aftermarket uprated shock and spring kits should be fitted by suitably qualified/experinced person to ensure the full benefits of the new setup can be realised. For example camber and castor angles may well need adjusting especially if the performance suspension kit fitted lowers the ride height of the car. You should only take your car to the limit if you are confident in doing so and should be only attempted in a safe and controlled environment such as a Race Track or Airfield.
The increase in handling and cornering forces will vary widely from car to car and on the age of the car. If you believe your car has exaggerated body movements and does not exercise proper control of the vehicle you should get it inspected by a suitably qualified person immediately

Basic Driving Techniques for Front Wheel Drive(FWD) Cars.

Disclaimer: All cars handle differently depending on their model, age and condition. This information should be used as a guide only, no responsibility will be taken for injury or loss which is alleged to have come from this article. It is up to the driver to drive in way he or she feels comfortable with and in a manner that is consistent for the road conditions and the capabilities of the car.

FWD cars put all of strain of the front tyres. The front tyres have to steer the car as well as drive and do the majority of the braking. The guide focuses on giving the front tyres the best possible chance of giving their best grip in all situations.

Braking: Should be carried out in a straight line where possible, although this is true for most cars, it is especially true with FWD. By doing all the braking in a straight line the tyres can give maximum grip to steering the car. This technique may take time to get used to, but it can be used everyday and will lead to faster and safer progress as well as giving increased comfort to passengers.

Acceleration Out Of Corners: As the tyres have to steer as well as drive the car by accelerating in a straighter line as possible ensures that the tyres can donate more of their grip to driving the car forward. In effect this means utilising a slow in, fast out cornering technique. The more of a corner that can be taken when accelerating the better the speed on the next straight. In practice this means taking a late apex.

Understeer: Depending on the car this state can vary widely. Newer Front Wheel Drive Cars resist understeer well. If understeer is experienced lifting the throttle should give better grip to the front tyres and increase cornering efficiency.

Oversteer: If the car enters an oversteer phase then accelerating will increase grip to the rear tyres and therefore limit the slip angle.

In oversteer situations the driver should always look in the direction that they wish to proceed even if this means looking out a side window.

Ford Escort S2 RS Turbo Tuning

S2 RS Turbo Buying Guide

The Series 2 Escort RS Turbo was not a motorsport special like the Series 1 so it’s design was developed for road use as opposed to the track. It lost the S1 4.27 final drive and the front tie bar arrangement. The Bosch Motorola engine management received some tweaks, fuel economy was improved, a one piece inlet manifold was used, a water cooled turbo was an improvement as well as an upgraded intercooler and cylinder head. The limited slip diff was softened up so it wasn’t so snatchy. The S2 used the same dampers as found on the XR3i but with uprated springs.

see also:
S1 Escort RS Turbo Tuning Guide
General Car Buying Guide
Engine Tuning Information
Ford Tuners

S2 RS Turbo Buying Guide

Braking was a major weak point of the Series 1 , on the S2 XR4i discs were used and larger drums on the rear. Girling ABS was also standard.

Colours available included diamond white Mercury Grey, Black and Radiant Red. The S2 also came with bonnet vents, XR3i colour coded rear spoiler and subtle arch extensions.

Recaros were standard but a sunroof, central locking and electric windows were not and these cost 572GBP as part on the Custom Pack.

S2 RS Turbo – Identity

The VIN can be found on the slam panel under the bonnet as well as under the carpet between the driver seat and the sill. The number should be clear and read WFOBXXGCABKJ followed by the chassis number listed on the V5 log book.

If your looking at a “90”spec S2 it should have heated front windscreen, a rear wing with curved over ends and blue and red fleck trim and also adjustable intermittent wiper speed. It also had a 2 piece centre console and a second courtesy light in the rear headlining.

Related Pages:
Directory Home

S2 RS Turbo Buying Guide

S2 RS Turbo – Brakes

260mm discs as standard but they still warp but they are cheap to replace. Worn rear drums can be diagnosed with a slack handbrake. Check the ABS with a hard stop, it should trigger, its not the most subtle but it needs to work or its an MOT failure.

S2 RS Turbo – Engine

Can sound extremely rough but they are a tough engine. If there are running problems a decent service should have it running like well. If not suspect air leaks in the intake system. Low boost pressure can point to collapsed hosesand or a weak wastegate actuator. If its accompanied by a load of bangs on overrun its probably the throttle position sensor.

As always check around the inside of the oil filler cap for white sludge. If you can see it indicates a blow head gasket. Chips of unknown origin are a recipe for an engine rebuild. Too much fuel is also bad as it washes the oil off the cylinder walls reducing lubrication. Not good.

Look out for smoke on full throttle, if its blue then the engine is on its way out.

S2 RS Turbo – Transmission

The S2 came with the B5 gearbox. The main shaft is the weakest point so listen for rumbling. The gear stick will have play in it. If you cant get a gear without forcing it the gear linkage is shot. Try and change gears quickly to check the condition if the syncro, if its grinds a lot then its on its way out. Second to third gear is particularly weak. 170bhp is the limit for the standard clutch and standard gearbox internals.

Given the age of the car there is a good chance the box has been placed. to check jack both front wheels up turn one wheel if the opposite wheels turns in the same direction it has the LSD, if it turns in the opposite direction then it doesn’t have a limited slip diff. Diesel boxes are not stronger then the RS box despite the rumours!

S2 RS Turbo – Electrics

As with every cars check every switch and knob and make sure it works. Let the car idle for a bit and see if theradiatorfans kicks in. Get the fuel pump wiring checked to make sure the fuel pump is getting the full 12volts because if its not than the engine could be running lean.

S2 RS Turbo – Interior

You have to expect some wear in here, the drivers seat bolsters are usually the worst effected. Seats can be found but the retrimming can be expensive and second hand 90 spec Recaros go for over 200GBP. Check the headlining for watermark due to the sunroof leaking also check the carpets for moisture. If they are wet then there is a good chance that the metal underneath will be rotten.

S2 RS Turbo – Bodywork

It’s an old Ford so check everywhere for rust. Sills, bulkhead, around the windscreen, floor, wings, battery tray everywhere. Especially look behind the body kit. The extra additions will trap water and rot everything they are connected to.

Panels can still be bought new but the body kit parts will need to be bought secondhand. Check panel gaps for accident damage and windows for overspray. Check the engine compartment for it’s original sealant and also the boot floor for flatness, if its creased then it will have been rear ended. If you spot any fault take into consideration the age of the car.

S2 RS Turbo – Suspension

Like any car if it feels boaty than the damper are probably shot, if there is knocking from the suspension then thebushesare probably knackered. If anything feels a miss its best to take a closer look. There are many good qualitysuspension kits on the market and uprated replacements bushes. Run our fingers between the wheel arch and the wheel to check that the wheels are sitting in the middle of the arches and that they are the same side to side. If not it points to at worst a twisted chassis and the minimum badly repaired accident damage.

S2 RS Turbo – Where to Find

Rust has claimed many of the 22,108 examples built. They can be found on EBay and in the local newspapers but they are becoming a rarer site. For more selection and a better quality selection its best to check owners clubs forums and websites. The RS Owners Club is a good place to start.


One of the most important checks when buying any car whether its a Ferrari or a FSO is to run a history check. This will check if its been stolen, written off or has outstanding finance. This check is essential. HPI UK is one of the companies that can do this for you.

S2 RS Turbo – How Much to Pay

For spares or abandoned project cars

Tidy cars with a good MOT and some service history

Excellent cars in excellent condition. Low mileage. Expect everything to be perfect as very close to new

You can eat your dinner of the underside concourse, need to wear white cotton cottons gloves to not leave grease stains in the engine compartment jobby. Basically a perfect example that is new, not just looks new. For this money the car should be showroom fresh.

S2 RS Turbo – Specs

Engine: CVH
Capacity: 1600cc
Compression: 8.2
Power: 132bhp @ 5750rpm
Torque:134lbs/ft @ 2750rpm
Turbo: Garret T3
Management: Bosch Jet Tronic
Transmission: B5 5 Speed
Clutch: 215mm
Diff: Viscous LSD
Ratios: 3.15, 1.91, 1.27, 0.95, 0.76
Final Drive: 3.82
Front Suspension: McPherson Struts
Rear Suspension: Beam, Trailing Arms, Springs
Anti Roll Bar: 24mm Front, 16mm Rear
Steering: Rack and Pinion
Front Discs: 260mm
Rear Drums: 229mm
Wheels: 15×6
Tyres: 195/50-15
0-60: 8.2seconds
Top Speed: 128mph

S2 RS Turbo Buying Guide – Insurance

It’s always worth getting an insurance quote before you get the car to avoid any nasty surprises. The links below are to pages on StrikeEngine.com where we list insurance companies specialising in high performance cars.

UK High Performance Car Insurance Brokers
Ford Specialist Insurance Brokers

Club Links
Ford Escort Owners Club
RS Owners Club


Ford Parts

Ford Performance Parts

UK Ford Performance Tuning Links – Ford Body Kits, Performance Car Part Manufacturers and Dealers, Ford Car Tuners. Induction Kits, Performance Exhausts, Brake Pads and Discs, Air Filters, Induction Kits, Used Car Buying and Ford Price Guides.

Ford Focus Manifold

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Audi S4 Tuning Guide

S4 Tuning / S4 Buying Guide

This tuning guide is based on the B5 S4 with the 2.7litre twin turbo motor. These cars can be now picked up for between 3 to approx 8000GBP, which, given the fact that its engine is based on the humongously more expensive RS4, makes the S4 a bit audi_s4_tuning_mrcof a bargain. The S4’s 2.7litre turbo can be tuned to over 500bhp on standard engine internals making it possibly one of the cheapest 500bhp cars you can buy. Here’s how to get an S4 to the magic 500bhp mark


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Total Car Produce Magic – RX7, S14 Tuner

Total Car Product Magic – a specialist RX7 and S14 200SX tuner from Japan

Total Car Produce Magic make a huge variety of performance parts for the RX7 including intake and exhaust systems, engine parts, tie rods, ball joints, diffusers, bushes, strut braces, oil coolers and carbon bonnets/hoods.

For the S14 Silvia TCPM have carbon fibre rear diffusers, roll centre adjusters, anti foam power steering system, oil catch tank, and carbon trunks

Total Car Product Magic S14 RX7 Tuner

Total Car Product Magic S14 RX7 Tuner